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首页 美国总统演讲全集

美国总统演讲全集.pdf

美国总统演讲全集

jenny815xie
2009-09-03 0人阅读 告发 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《美国总统演讲全集pdf》,可适用于外语资料范畴

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美国历届总统就职演说PresidentstTermndTermrdTermthTermGeorgeWashingtonJohnAdamsThomasJeffersonJamesMadisonJamesMonroeJohnQuincyAdamsAndrewJacksonMartinVanBurenWilliamHenryHarrisonJamesPolkZacharyTaylorFranklinPierceJamesBuchananAbrahamLincolnUlyssesSGrantRutherfordBHayesJamesAGarfieldGroverClevelandBenjaminHarrisonWilliamMcKinleyTheodoreRooseveltWilliamHowardTaftWoodrowWilsonWarrenGHardingCalvinCoolidgeHerbertHooverFranklinDRooseveltHarrySTrumanDwightDEisenhowerJohnFKennedyLyndonBainesJohnsonRichardMilhousNixonJimmyCarterRonaldReaganGeorgeBushBillClintonGeorgeWBushFirstInauguralAddressofGeorgeWashingtonTHECITYOFNEWYORKTHURSDAY,APRIL,FellowCitizensoftheSenateandoftheHouseofRepresentatives:Amongthevicissitudesincidenttolifenoeventcouldhavefilledmewithgreateranxietiesthanthatofwhichthenotificationwastransmittedbyyourorder,andreceivedonthethdayofthepresentmonthOntheonehand,IwassummonedbymyCountry,whosevoiceIcanneverhearbutwithvenerationandlove,fromaretreatwhichIhadchosenwiththefondestpredilection,and,inmyflatteringhopes,withanimmutabledecision,astheasylumofmydecliningyearsaretreatwhichwasrenderedeverydaymorenecessaryaswellasmoredeartomebytheadditionofhabittoinclination,andoffrequentinterruptionsinmyhealthtothegradualwastecommittedonitbytimeOntheotherhand,themagnitudeanddifficultyofthetrusttowhichthevoiceofmycountrycalledme,beingsufficienttoawakeninthewisestandmostexperiencedofhercitizensadistrustfulscrutinyintohisqualifications,couldnotbutoverwhelmwithdespondenceonewho(inheritinginferiorendowmentsfromnatureandunpracticedinthedutiesofciviladministration)oughttobepeculiarlyconsciousofhisowndeficienciesInthisconflictofemotionsallIdareaveristhatithasbeenmyfaithfulstudytocollectmydutyfromajustappreciationofeverycircumstancebywhichitmightbeaffectedAllIdarehopeisthatif,inexecutingthistask,Ihavebeentoomuchswayedbyagratefulremembranceofformerinstances,orbyanaffectionatesensibilitytothistranscendentproofoftheconfidenceofmyfellowcitizens,andhavethencetoolittleconsultedmyincapacityaswellasdisinclinationfortheweightyanduntriedcaresbeforeme,myerrorwillbepalliatedbythemotiveswhichmisleadme,anditsconsequencesbejudgedbymycountrywithsomeshareofthepartialityinwhichtheyoriginatedSuchbeingtheimpressionsunderwhichIhave,inobediencetothepublicsummons,repairedtothepresentstation,itwouldbepeculiarlyimpropertoomitinthisfirstofficialactmyferventsupplicationstothatAlmightyBeingwhorulesovertheuniverse,whopresidesinthecouncilsofnations,andwhoseprovidentialaidscansupplyeveryhumandefect,thatHisbenedictionmayconsecratetothelibertiesandhappinessofthepeopleoftheUnitedStatesaGovernmentinstitutedbythemselvesfortheseessentialpurposes,andmayenableeveryinstrumentemployedinitsadministrationtoexecutewithsuccessthefunctionsallottedtohischargeIntenderingthishomagetotheGreatAuthorofeverypublicandprivategood,Iassuremyselfthatitexpressesyoursentimentsnotlessthanmyown,northoseofmyfellowcitizensatlargelessthaneitherNopeoplecanbeboundtoacknowledgeandadoretheInvisibleHandwhichconductstheaffairsofmenmorethanthoseoftheUnitedStatesEverystepbywhichtheyhaveadvancedtothecharacterofanindependentnationseemstohavebeendistinguishedbysometokenofprovidentialagencyandintheimportantrevolutionjustaccomplishedinthesystemoftheirunitedgovernmentthetranquildeliberationsandvoluntaryconsentofsomanydistinctcommunitiesfromwhichtheeventhasresultedcannotbecomparedwiththemeansbywhichmostgovernmentshavebeenestablishedwithoutsomereturnofpiousgratitude,alongwithanhumbleanticipationofthefutureblessingswhichthepastseemtopresageThesereflections,arisingoutofthepresentcrisis,haveforcedthemselvestoostronglyonmymindtobesuppressedYouwilljoinwithme,Itrust,inthinkingthattherearenoneundertheinfluenceofwhichtheproceedingsofanewandfreegovernmentcanmoreauspiciouslycommenceBythearticleestablishingtheexecutivedepartmentitismadethedutyofthePresident"torecommendtoyourconsiderationsuchmeasuresasheshalljudgenecessaryandexpedient"ThecircumstancesunderwhichInowmeetyouwillacquitmefromenteringintothatsubjectfurtherthantorefertothegreatconstitutionalcharterunderwhichyouareassembled,andwhich,indefiningyourpowers,designatestheobjectstowhichyourattentionistobegivenItwillbemoreconsistentwiththosecircumstances,andfarmorecongenialwiththefeelingswhichactuateme,tosubstitute,inplaceofarecommendationofparticularmeasures,thetributethatisduetothetalents,therectitude,andthepatriotismwhichadornthecharactersselectedtodeviseandadoptthemInthesehonorablequalificationsIbeholdthesurestpledgesthatasononesidenolocalprejudicesorattachments,noseparateviewsnorpartyanimosities,willmisdirectthecomprehensiveandequaleyewhichoughttowatchoverthisgreatassemblageofcommunitiesandinterests,so,onanother,thatthefoundationofournationalpolicywillbelaidinthepureandimmutableprinciplesofprivatemorality,andthepreeminenceoffreegovernmentbeexemplifiedbyalltheattributeswhichcanwintheaffectionsofitscitizensandcommandtherespectoftheworldIdwellonthisprospectwitheverysatisfactionwhichanardentloveformycountrycaninspire,sincethereisnotruthmorethoroughlyestablishedthanthatthereexistsintheeconomyandcourseofnatureanindissolubleunionbetweenvirtueandhappinessbetweendutyandadvantagebetweenthegenuinemaximsofanhonestandmagnanimouspolicyandthesolidrewardsofpublicprosperityandfelicitysinceweoughttobenolesspersuadedthatthepropitioussmilesofHeavencanneverbeexpectedonanationthatdisregardstheeternalrulesoforderandrightwhichHeavenitselfhasordainedandsincethepreservationofthesacredfireoflibertyandthedestinyoftherepublicanmodelofgovernmentarejustlyconsidered,perhaps,asdeeply,asfinally,stakedontheexperimententrustedtothehandsoftheAmericanpeopleBesidestheordinaryobjectssubmittedtoyourcare,itwillremainwithyourjudgmenttodecidehowfaranexerciseoftheoccasionalpowerdelegatedbythefiftharticleoftheConstitutionisrenderedexpedientatthepresentjuncturebythenatureofobjectionswhichhavebeenurgedagainstthesystem,orbythedegreeofinquietudewhichhasgivenbirthtothemInsteadofundertakingparticularrecommendationsonthissubject,inwhichIcouldbeguidedbynolightsderivedfromofficialopportunities,IshallagaingivewaytomyentireconfidenceinyourdiscernmentandpursuitofthepublicgoodforIassuremyselfthatwhilstyoucarefullyavoideveryalterationwhichmightendangerthebenefitsofanunitedandeffectivegovernment,orwhichoughttoawaitthefuturelessonsofexperience,areverenceforthecharacteristicrightsoffreemenandaregardforthepublicharmonywillsufficientlyinfluenceyourdeliberationsonthequestionhowfartheformercanbeimpregnablyfortifiedorthelatterbesafelyandadvantageouslypromotedTotheforegoingobservationsIhaveonetoadd,whichwillbemostproperlyaddressedtotheHouseofRepresentativesItconcernsmyself,andwillthereforebeasbriefaspossibleWhenIwasfirsthonoredwithacallintotheserviceofmycountry,thenontheeveofanarduousstruggleforitsliberties,thelightinwhichIcontemplatedmydutyrequiredthatIshouldrenounceeverypecuniarycompensationFromthisresolutionIhaveinnoinstancedepartedandbeingstillundertheimpressionswhichproducedit,Imustdeclineasinapplicabletomyselfanyshareinthepersonalemolumentswhichmaybeindispensablyincludedinapermanentprovisionfortheexecutivedepartment,andmustaccordinglypraythatthepecuniaryestimatesforthestationinwhichIamplacedmayduringmycontinuanceinitbelimitedtosuchactualexpendituresasthepublicgoodmaybethoughttorequireHavingthusimpartedtoyoumysentimentsastheyhavebeenawakenedbytheoccasionwhichbringsustogether,IshalltakemypresentleavebutnotwithoutresortingoncemoretothebenignParentoftheHumanRaceinhumblesupplicationthat,sinceHehasbeenpleasedtofavortheAmericanpeoplewithopportunitiesfordeliberatinginperfecttranquillity,anddispositionsfordecidingwithunparalleledunanimityonaformofgovernmentforthesecurityoftheirunionandtheadvancementoftheirhappiness,soHisdivineblessingmaybeequallyconspicuousintheenlargedviews,thetemperateconsultations,andthewisemeasuresonwhichthesuccessofthisGovernmentmustdependSecondInauguralAddressofGeorgeWashingtonTHECITYOFPHILADELPHIAMONDAY,MARCH,FellowCitizens:IamagaincalleduponbythevoiceofmycountrytoexecutethefunctionsofitsChiefMagistrateWhentheoccasionproperforitshallarrive,IshallendeavortoexpressthehighsenseIentertainofthisdistinguishedhonor,andoftheconfidencewhichhasbeenreposedinmebythepeopleofunitedAmericaPrevioustotheexecutionofanyofficialactofthePresidenttheConstitutionrequiresanoathofofficeThisoathIamnowabouttotake,andinyourpresence:ThatifitshallbefoundduringmyadministrationoftheGovernmentIhaveinanyinstanceviolatedwillinglyorknowinglytheinjunctionsthereof,Imay(besidesincurringconstitutionalpunishment)besubjecttotheupbraidingsofallwhoarenowwitnessesofthepresentsolemnceremonyInauguralAddressofJohnAdamsINAUGURALADDRESSINTHECITYOFPHILADELPHIASATURDAY,MARCH,Whenitwasfirstperceived,inearlytimes,thatnomiddlecourseforAmericaremainedbetweenunlimitedsubmissiontoaforeignlegislatureandatotalindependenceofitsclaims,menofreflectionwerelessapprehensiveofdangerfromtheformidablepoweroffleetsandarmiestheymustdeterminetoresistthanfromthosecontestsanddissensionswhichwouldcertainlyariseconcerningtheformsofgovernmenttobeinstitutedoverthewholeandoverthepartsofthisextensivecountryRelying,however,onthepurityoftheirintentions,thejusticeoftheircause,andtheintegrityandintelligenceofthepeople,underanoverrulingProvidencewhichhadsosignallyprotectedthiscountryfromthefirst,therepresentativesofthisnation,thenconsistingoflittlemorethanhalfitspresentnumber,notonlybroketopiecesthechainswhichwereforgingandtherodofironthatwasliftedup,butfranklycutasunderthetieswhichhadboundthem,andlaunchedintoanoceanofuncertaintyThezealandardorofthepeopleduringtheRevolutionarywar,supplyingtheplaceofgovernment,commandedadegreeofordersufficientatleastforthetemporarypreservationofsocietyTheConfederationwhichwasearlyfelttobenecessarywaspreparedfromthemodelsoftheBatavianandHelveticconfederacies,theonlyexampleswhichremainwithanydetailandprecisioninhistory,andcertainlytheonlyoneswhichthepeopleatlargehadeverconsideredButreflectingonthestrikingdifferenceinsomanyparticularsbetweenthiscountryandthosewhereacouriermaygofromtheseatofgovernmenttothefrontierinasingleday,itwasthencertainlyforeseenbysomewhoassistedinCongressattheformationofitthatitcouldnotbedurableNegligenceofitsregulations,inattentiontoitsrecommendations,ifnotdisobediencetoitsauthority,notonlyinindividualsbutinStates,soonappearedwiththeirmelancholyconsequencesuniversallanguor,jealousiesandrivalriesofStates,declineofnavigationandcommerce,discouragementofnecessarymanufactures,universalfallinthevalueoflandsandtheirproduce,contemptofpublicandprivatefaith,lossofconsiderationandcreditwithforeignnations,andatlengthindiscontents,animosities,combinations,partialconventions,andinsurrection,threateningsomegreatnationalcalamityInthisdangerouscrisisthepeopleofAmericawerenotabandonedbytheirusualgoodsense,presenceofmind,resolution,orintegrityMeasureswerepursuedtoconcertaplantoformamoreperfectunion,establishjustice,insuredomestictranquility,provideforthecommondefense,promotethegeneralwelfare,andsecuretheblessingsoflibertyThepublicdisquisitions,discussions,anddeliberationsissuedinthepresenthappyConstitutionofGovernmentEmployedintheserviceofmycountryabroadduringthewholecourseofthesetransactions,IfirstsawtheConstitutionoftheUnitedStatesinaforeigncountryIrritatedbynoliteraryaltercation,animatedbynopublicdebate,heatedbynopartyanimosity,Ireaditwithgreatsatisfaction,astheresultofgoodheadspromptedbygoodhearts,asanexperimentbetteradaptedtothegenius,character,situation,andrelationsofthisnationandcountrythananywhichhadeverbeenproposedorsuggestedInitsgeneralprinciplesandgreatoutlinesitwasconformabletosuchasystemofgovernmentasIhadevermostesteemed,andinsomeStates,myownnativeStateinparticular,hadcontributedtoestablishClaimingarightofsuffrage,incommonwithmyfellowcitizens,intheadoptionorrejectionofaconstitutionwhichwastorulemeandmyposterity,aswellasthemandtheirs,Ididnothesitatetoexpressmyapprobationofitonalloccasions,inpublicandinprivateItwasnotthen,norhasbeensince,anyobjectiontoitinmymindthattheExecutiveandSenatewerenotmorepermanentNorhaveIeverentertainedathoughtofpromotinganyalterationinitbutsuchasthepeoplethemselves,inthecourseoftheirexperience,shouldseeandfeeltobenecessaryorexpedient,andbytheirrepresentativesinCongressandtheStatelegislatures,accordingtotheConstitutionitself,adoptandordainReturningtothebosomofmycountryafterapainfulseparationfromitfortenyears,Ihadthehonortobeelectedtoastationundertheneworderofthings,andIhaverepeatedlylaidmyselfunderthemostseriousobligationstosupporttheConstitutionTheoperationofithasequaledthemostsanguineexpectationsofitsfriends,andfromanhabitualattentiontoit,satisfactioninitsadministration,anddelightinitseffectsuponthepeace,order,prosperity,andhappinessofthenationIhaveacquiredanhabitualattachmenttoitandvenerationforitWhatotherformofgovernment,indeed,cansowelldeserveouresteemandloveTheremaybelittlesolidityinanancientideathatcongregationsofmenintocitiesandnationsarethemostpleasingobjectsinthesightofsuperiorintelligences,butthisisverycertain,thattoabenevolenthumanmindtherecanbenospectaclepresentedbyanynationmorepleasing,morenoble,majestic,oraugust,thananassemblylikethatwhichhassooftenbeenseeninthisandtheotherChamberofCongress,ofaGovernmentinwhichtheExecutiveauthority,aswellasthatofallthebranchesoftheLegislature,areexercisedbycitizensselectedatregularperiodsbytheirneighborstomakeandexecutelawsforthegeneralgoodCananythingessential,anythingmorethanmereornamentanddecoration,beaddedtothisbyrobesanddiamondsCanauthoritybemoreamiableandrespectablewhenitdescendsfromaccidentsorinstitutionsestablishedinremoteantiquitythanwhenitspringsfreshfromtheheartsandjudgmentsofanhonestandenlightenedpeopleForitisthepeopleonlythatarerepresentedItistheirpowerandmajestythatisreflected,andonlyfortheirgood,ineverylegitimategovernment,underwhateverformitmayappearTheexistenceofsuchagovernmentasoursforanylengthoftimeisafullproofofageneraldisseminationofknowledgeandvirtuethroughoutthewholebodyofthepeopleAndwhatobjectorconsiderationmorepleasingthanthiscanbepresentedtothehumanmindIfnationalprideiseverjustifiableorexcusableitiswhenitsprings,notfrompowerorriches,grandeurorglory,butfromconvictionofnationalinnocence,information,andbenevolenceInthemidstofthesepleasingideasweshouldbeunfaithfultoourselvesifweshouldeverlosesightofthedangertoourlibertiesifanythingpartialorextraneousshouldinfectthepurityofourfree,fair,virtuous,andindependentelectionsIfanelectionistobedeterminedbyamajorityofasinglevote,andthatcanbeprocuredbyapartythroughartificeorcorruption,theGovernmentmaybethechoiceofapartyforitsownends,notofthenationforthenationalgoodIfthatsolitarysuffragecanbeobtainedbyforeignnationsbyflatteryormenaces,byfraudorviolence,byterror,intrigue,orvenality,theGovernmentmaynotbethechoiceoftheAmericanpeople,butofforeignnationsItmaybeforeignnationswhogovernus,andnotwe,thepeople,whogovernourselvesandcandidmenwillacknowledgethatinsuchcaseschoicewouldhavelittleadvantagetoboastofoverlotorchanceSuchistheamiableandinterestingsystemofgovernment(andsucharesomeoftheabusestowhichitmaybeexposed)whichthepeopleofAmericahaveexhibitedtotheadmirationandanxietyofthewiseandvirtuousofallnationsforeightyearsundertheadministrationofacitizenwho,byalongcourseofgreatactions,regulatedbyprudence,justice,temperance,andfortitude,conductingapeopleinspiredwiththesamevirtuesandanimatedwiththesameardentpatriotismandloveoflibertytoindependenceandpeace,toincreasingwealthandunexampledprosperity,hasmeritedthegratitudeofhisfellowcitizens,commandedthehighestpraisesofforeignnations,andsecuredimmortalglorywithposterityInthatretirementwhichishisvoluntarychoicemayhelonglivetoenjoythedeliciousrecollectionofhisservices,thegratitudeofmankind,thehappyfruitsofthemtohimselfandtheworld,whicharedailyincreasing,andthatsplendidprospectofthefuturefortunesofthiscountrywhichisopeningfromyeartoyearHisnamemaybestillarampart,andtheknowledgethathelivesabulwark,againstallopenorsecretenemiesofhiscountry'speaceThisexamplehasbeenrecommendedtotheimitationofhissuccessorsbybothHousesofCongressandbythevoiceofthelegislaturesandthepeoplethroughoutthenationO

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